Plaquenil toxicity in macular oct

Discussion in 'Chloroquin' started by KarlLrak, 04-Mar-2020.

  1. Sanek22 XenForo Moderator

    Plaquenil toxicity in macular oct


    To characterize structural changes of HCQ retinopathy with SD-OCT after drug cessation. Setting: Private practice and academic institution. Patient Population: Patients at New England Eye Center and Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston in Boston, MA diagnosed with HCQ retinopathy and followed after drug cessation.

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    Plaquenil induced retinal toxicity is reversible if detected early and plaquenil dosage altered or the medication discontinued. Even suspicious early plaquenil toxicity warrants communication with the patient’s treating physician, and meaningful coordination of care would include a report even if the findings are normal. There are many other macula problems so patients using Plaquenil should have a baseline examination and testing to ascertain the health of the macula at initiation of therapy and allow periodic monitoring for early signs of macular toxicity, to lessen the risk of visual loss. Bull’s Eye Retinopathy Early macular toxicity can cause stippling or mottling of the RPE Next, granular pigmentation and loss of the normal foveal reflex can occur It’s believed but not proven that if early macular changes are detected and the medication is stopped, any toxicity that has occurred can be reversed.1 If the maculopathy continues to progress, concentric zones of.

    Main Outcome Measures: SD-OCT findings suggestive of HCQ retinopathy before parafoveal ellipsoid disruption. Retrospective clinical data review by the Boston Image Reading Center.

    Plaquenil toxicity in macular oct

    Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Adaptive., Plaquenil Toxicity Screening - Retina Group of New York

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  6. SD-OCT showed loss of the parafoveal inner/outer segment junction, thinning of the parafoveal outer nuclear layer, and a loss of the normal foveal depression, which is characteristic for hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity Figure 3.

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    Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy Retinal toxicity from chloroquine CQ and its analogue, hydroxychloroquine HCQ, has been recognized for many years. Chloroquine toxicity remains a problem in many parts of the world, but is seen less frequently in the United States where the drug largely has been replaced by HCQ. Retinal toxicity of Plaquenil may manifest itself with subtle disturbances of the retinal pigment epithelium which may eventually lead to complete destruction of the macula in the form of bull’s-eye maculopathy.

     
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